Insects can sting or bite people with their needles. However, insect stings caused by bees are most frequently encountered in daily life. Bees are membrane winged insects that can sting people with their sting. The number of people that the bee has not stung in their life is very low. But very few people are likely to result in death.
Bees have venom sacs and some people may develop allergies to bee venom. Most people may have a previously known allergy, or some people may have allergies as a result of repeated bee stings. If many bees sting at the same time, then a toxic reaction may occur. Although this situation is similar to allergy symptoms, allergic sensitivity cannot be detected in the tests.
First Things to Do in Bee Sting
Unfortunately, there is an unpleasant risk of summer months: bee stings. While some people are less affected by bee stings, especially those with allergic structures, others may be more affected and even life-threatening. While the wasp stings are much more serious, the region where the bee stings the venom is also very important. In addition, places such as the tongue in the mouth and eyelid are more risky areas.
When you experience bee stings, calm down first and follow these steps. First, you need to remove the needle from the body. However, you should not do this with bare hands, you should use a pair of tweezers. The poison on the needle will get into the blood of the person in 2-3 minutes, so early intervention is very important. It is important to apply cold compresses to reduce the initial pain and swelling. However, do not touch the ice directly where the bee stings, wrap the ice in a cloth and apply it on the wound.
This is all you need to do in the first place. Then you can use the following natural foods to relieve pain, bloating and itching. Let’s warn alone, if you have an allergic body, be sure to see a doctor after a bee stings. It is possible to count the natural materials you can apply to prevent the swelling, redness, and itching of the wound:
Onion, which is a natural antibiotic, is also a frequently used method in inflamed wounds. In the case of bee stings, you can apply to it, you can press the inside of the onion that you cut in half so that you can remove the venom.
In order for garlic which has an antiseptic feature just like onions to remove the venom, crush it well and apply it to the wound.
Carbonate, which has an inflammatory effect, will heal itching, redness, and burning sensation. To do this, mix a teaspoon of baking soda into a glass of water and then clean your wound with this carbonated water.
Another method that will help to get rid of the burning sensation and relieve pain is to apply yogurt to the wound. Cold yogurt will be more effective in this case.
- Apple cider vinegar
Another material to relieve itching and pain is apple cider vinegar. Pour apple cider vinegar on a cotton ball and apply it gently to the wound.
- Lavender oil
Meet the lavender oil that works miraculously in all bee stings, including wasps. It is enough to lightly apply the lavender oil on the wound with the help of a cotton, which removes the venom and offers an instant relaxation effect.
Bee Allergy, Symptoms and Treatment
In the United States, 50 people die each year from an allergy caused by insect bites. The most dangerous and deadly insects are bees. Experts gave information about how bee allergy developed as a result of a bee sting, bee allergy test, and treatment.
In summer, mostly yellow wild bees, honey bees, and big bee stings are more common. Large bees are more dangerous than smaller yellow wild bees. Ants can also stick with their jaws and insert them in several places with circular movements around their head. Pustule develops where it stings. Ants are also known to become increasingly health-threatening in recent years.
What Are Bee Allergy Symptoms?
Especially in the summer months, bee stings can be encountered frequently. Bee allergy symptoms after bee sting are very important for early diagnosis of the allergy. There may be minor itching in bee stings. These usually disappear within 24 hours. Sometimes there may be redness and blisters that appear within 2 days. These disappear between 2 and 7 days. Symptoms of bee allergies can manifest as urticaria (hives), angioedema (a more dangerous type of hives) and anaphylaxis (sudden worsening). These reactions can even lead to death. Bee allergy symptoms can be immediately or 1-2 hours later. Circulatory disorders may occur with edema, hoarseness, shortness of breath and shock in the throat. Death events due to bee allergy are generally more common in men over the age of 50.
Questioning the patient, skin tests and laboratory blood tests are important in the diagnosis of bee allergy. The patient should be questioned very well, the time of bee stings in the past, what features it has, how the reaction progressed and what kind of complaints arose with it. After bee allergy occurs, panic, fear, extreme heat, excessive exercise, and alcohol intake can increase the allergic reaction. Skin tests with bee venom help in diagnosis. Skin tests should be evaluated with the history of the disease.
How to Treat Allergy in Bee Stings?
One of the most curious in the treatment of bee allergy is how to remove the sting of the bee. If you want to remove the bee sting, you should take care to remove the sting without squeezing the venom sac. For this reason, specialist assistance should be obtained in hospitals performing bee tests and treatment by applying to a health institution immediately after a bee sting.
Preventive treatment is very important if you want to be protected from bee stings. If working in the garden or in the field, long socks, gloves, and shoes can protect you from bee stings. Beehives around the house should be removed or destroyed. Since wild bees can come to sugary and open foods, they should be kept closed. It is recommended that those who are allergic to bee do not wear bright and floral clothes and do not use perfume. An automatic epinephrine injector (epi-fen) should be carried alongside those with bee allergies. In dangerous reactions, needles should be given immediately. In order to prevent bee allergies, vaccine treatment can be applied in hospitals that make bee vaccines. Bee allergy vaccines must be applied in the hospital.
Precautions Against Bee-Insect-Mosquito Stings
While more time is spent in nature due to the picnic organizations that increase with the warming of the air, bee, tick, insect and mosquito bites endanger especially the health of children. It is very important that people who want to enjoy the summer months as a family should be careful in this regard.
In summer, honey, yellow wild, and large bee stings are frequently seen. Large bees can be more dangerous than small yellow wild bees. Bee stings in areas such as trachea, eyelid, and mouth pose serious risks. Pain, swelling, and redness are observed after bee sting, while it can rarely cause nausea, vomiting, dizziness. If these symptoms are present, see a doctor immediately. In case of a bee sting, if the bee sticks inside the sting, it should be removed with a clean tweezer. If the venom can be removed before it passes to the blood since the honey bees leave their needles inside, the pain complaints will be less. The place where the bee stings should be disinfected thoroughly with soap and water and scratching should be avoided. The antihistamine creams recommended by the doctor can be used according to the severity of pain after the sting.
There may be minor itching in insect bites. These usually disappear within 24 hours. Sometimes there may be redness and blisters that appear within 2 days. Their recovery time can be up to 7 days. After insect stings, hives and angioedema can also develop. If there are edema, hoarseness, shortness of breath and circulatory disorders with shock, the nearest hospital should be consulted. It should be remembered that the ant, which can often be encountered in homes, can also bite you and fluid-filled bumps are formed where it stings. Not scratching the bumps and not handling them continuously will provide a faster healing process.
Bee Allergy Risk Is Evaluated by Skin Tests
One of the most important risk factors for bee stings or insect bites is that they cause an allergic reaction. Patient history, skin tests, and laboratory blood tests are important in the diagnosis of allergies. The history of the sick child should be taken from the family very well, and it should be investigated the time of past bee-insect stings, what features it has, how the reaction progressed and what complaints arose. After allergies occur, panic, fear, extreme heat, and excessive movement can increase the allergic reaction. Skin tests can be performed for diagnosis.
Ticks are 5 mm-1.2 cm tall, flat-oval shaped, 5-6 legs, red-brown, non-flying and splashing parasites. They are mostly seen in places where weeds and bushes are located and in animal shelter areas. Care should be taken against ticks that are active in April – October. Symptoms begin to appear within an average of 3 days after a tick bite. There is redness in the eyes and face, and spot bleeding may occur in the chest. In addition, there may be severe bleeding disorders such as subcutaneous bleeding, nosebleeds, and blood in feces-urine. The symptoms that should be followed in a tick bite are anorexia, headache, high fever, diffuse muscle aches, stomach pain, vomiting, and diarrhea. In severe cases, liver, kidney and lung failure and central nervous system disorders may develop after the fifth day of the disease. Improvement in tick bite usually begins after day 10. In some cases, it may take up to 4 weeks.
In animal shelters or other areas where ticks can live, walking bare feet should be avoided, short clothing should be worn, if possible, light-colored, long-sleeved and long-leg clothing should be preferred. The body should be examined for ticks at certain intervals, and the ticks adhering to the body should be taken as if removing nails by moving them to the left and right with a clamp without breaking the mouth part of the tick. Processes such as pouring chemicals on ticks, burning them with matches may increase the risk of ticks transferring disease factors. Such practices should be avoided.
Puddles, garbage odors and wetlands increase the presence of mosquitoes. Since mosquitoes suck blood from humans and animals, they can cause serious diseases, sometimes epidemics and, in the simplest form, bite-related skin reactions. There may be a burning sensation, redness, itching, and swelling where the mosquito bites. These findings can usually last 1-2 days. Antihistamine creams for local skin reactions can be applied in mosquito bites.
10 Precautions to Be Taken Against Bee, Insect, and Mosquito Stings
- In the treatment of insect allergies, if the insect’s needle remains on the skin, the venom sac should be removed without squeezing.
- After the sting, immediately apply to a health institution and get expert help.
- Protective measures are required. If time is spent in the garden or in a green area, long socks and shoes must be worn.
- The beehives around the house should be removed or destroyed.
- Since the wasps can come into sugary and open foods, these should be kept closed.
- Children with bee allergies should not be dressed in bright and floral clothing.
- For children with bee allergies, an automatic epinephrine injector (epi-fen) should be carried with families.
- In dangerous reactions, needles should be given immediately. Vaccine therapy can be applied to insect allergies, especially bee allergies. This treatment should be applied in the hospital.
- To protect against mosquito bites; mosquito net should be used, ultrasonic or solar, herbal and optical mosquito repellents can be used.
- Many plants such as lavender, thyme, mint, cinnamon, and garlic have been used to protect against the mosquito. For example; The use of lavender oil prevents mosquitoes from approaching the body.
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